Caramel Color

Sources > Caramel Color

DDW is the world leader in caramel color

Caramel coloring

DDW is the world leader in caramel color for food and beverage products, with over 140 years of innovation in the development and supply of caramel colouring. Caramel color results from the controlled heat treatment or cooking of carbohydrates (nutritive sweeteners, such as glucose and sucrose, derived from natural carbohydrate sources including corn, wheat and sugar). This process is called “caramelization.” Caramel color can be created at home during the cooking, boiling or baking process. Caramel color ingredients are the world’s most widely consumed food coloring by weight and can be commercially produced for food and beverage products.

Select the Appropriate Class of Caramel

The chemistry of caramel color is critical in selecting the right one for stability in your application. The following chart compares the Four Classes and their respective characteristics to assist your selection:

International Technical Caramel Association Class One Class Two Class Three Class Four
Terminology Plain Caustic Sulfite Beer, Ammonia Soft drink
Codex Classification 150(a) / E150a 150(b) / E150b 150(c) / E150c 150(d) / E150
Colloidal Charge Negative?  
High Color Intensity Available?    
Stability in 75% Alcohol Available?      
Stability in 20% Salt Solution Available?    
Stability at 3 pH Available?  
Stability at less than 2 pH?      
Stability with Tannins?    
Manufactured with SO2?    
Manufactured with Ammonium Compounds?    
Major Uses High-Proof Alcohol Flavors Vegetable extracts
Cognac
Beer
Sauces
Gravies
Baking
Other foods
Soft drinks
Flavors
Other foods
D.D. Williamson Products (Additional liquids and powders are available) 520
525
526
528
570
574
624
626
190
200
201
202
203
210
250
252
300
301
303
373
376
377
385
640
642
643
050
055
065
105
108
111
112
135
170
173
600
602
603
605
607
608
610
663

Studies on Caramel Colour

Is caramel color safe for human consumption in foods and drinks

Caramel colouring is commonly found in many food and beverage products and is considered to be safe and harmless according to leading food ingredient authorities worldwide. Here at DDW, our products go into over two billion servings of foods and drinks each day — so we take food safety and product quality very seriously. Over the past 40 years, we’ve been part of extensive food safety studies at the cost of millions of dollars.

A caramel color safety review completed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in March 2011 found that caramel colors are “neither genotoxic, nor carcinogenic.” In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) lists all four classes of caramel color listed on the Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) list of food ingredients.

Regulations and Compliance

Click one of the following links for more information about regulations, compliance and standards for caramel color and naturally derived colorings for food and beverage product applications:

Compliance Certifications | Regulatory Standards | Health and Safety Regulations Certifications

For more facts about the safety of caramel color in food and beverage products, visit http://www.ddwcolor.com/carameltruth